Often, like Dr. Frankenstein, we "create our own monsters" whom we then cannot control. Such is the legacy of European imperialism and US foreign diplomacy in the region known as the Middle East or Near East. Often, when speaking of "The Arab World" or "The Muslim World" we includes nations in North Africa as well.
So how did we become embroiled in the "War on Terror"? To understand, we must look at the roots of our foreign policy from the Cold War until today.
*Due to our location, most info is from the perspective of the United States.
War takes it's toll... Did we really "help"?
Sunni v Shia: Troubles within nations
Sources: CIA Fact Book & Portland State University (Middle East Teaching Tools)
What is the Middle East?
The Middle East is a loose term, not always used to describe the same territory. It usually includes the Arab countries from Egypt east to the Persian Gulf, plus Israel and Iran. Turkey is sometimes considered part of the Middle East, sometimes part of Europe. Sometimes the Middle East includes North Africa as well.
Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, and Bangladesh are usually described as South Asia.
Who is an Arab?
“Arab” is a cultural and linguistic term. It refers to those who speak Arabic as their first
language. Arabs are united by culture and by history. Some have blue eyes and red hair; others are dark skinned; many are somewhere in between. Most Arabs are Muslims but there are also millions of Christian Arabs and thousands of Jewish Arabs, just as there are Muslim, Christian, and Jewish Americans.
What is the Arab World?
The Arab World consists of 22 countries in the Middle East and North Africa: Algeria, Bahrain, the Comoros Islands, Djibouti, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Mauritania, Oman, Palestine, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, Tunisia, the United Arab Emirates, and Yemen. Iran and Turkey are not Arab countries and their primary languages are Farsi and Turkish respectively. Arab countries have a rich diversity of ethnic, linguistic, and religious communities. These include Kurds, Armenians, Berbers and others. There are over 300 million Arabs.
What is the Muslim World?
There are an estimated 1.57 billion Muslims in the world. The Organization of Islamic Cooperation has 57 member states. The ten countries with the largest Muslim population are: Indonesia (202.9 million), Pakistan (174.1 million), India (160.9 million), Bangladesh (145.3 million), Egypt (78.5 million), Nigeria (78.1 million), Iran (73.8 million), Turkey (73.6 million), Algeria (34.2 million), and Morocco (31.9 million). Of these countries, only three are Arab countries: Egypt, Algeria, and Morocco. Most Arabs are Muslims, but most Muslims are not Arabs.
Using the handout of the map of Europe, follow the directions below: (if you have trouble seeing the embedded doc, you can download it from the link below).
The Santa Susana Field Lab, at Burrow Flats, above Simi Valley was run by Rocketdyne for the testing of missile engines. A saline-cooled nuclear reactor was also used there.
Watch the following short documentary and read the following articles (UCLA Study, Article 1 and Article 2) to learn about the meltdown(s) that occurred there, the resulting contamination and cancer clusters in the Simi area, the current state of affairs, and plans for the future of the Lab grounds.
Peruse other articles from the Article Bank and answer the following questions (either as numbered questions or as an essay. Either way, USE COMPLETE SENTENCES).
1) What was the purpose of the Santa Susana Field Lab? What types of experiments were conducted there? What were the years of operation?
2) What was unique about the reactor?
3) What happened and what was this historically important/significant to us, here in Simi especially?
4) What were the results AT THE TIME of this event? (immediate results)
5) What has happened, as a result of this event, during the remainder of the 20th century?
6) What is the current status of the Santa Susana Field Lab and the grounds in the 21st century? Why is this still an issue all these years later?
7) What is the planned/proposed usage for this land? (discuss all that apply)
8) Why should we care NOW about the current status and planned uses of the site of the former
Santa Susana Field Lab? (Hint: Brandeis Inst. summer camp....etc)
World map of every battle ever fought, up to the present: Map Here
Use the site to find a WWI recipient (use advanced search) whose name is closest in alphabetical order to your own last name.
Create and submit to Classroom a Google slide presentation detailing WHO was this guy (pic/pics are nice)? What did he do to earn the CMH (your own words, do NOT copy/paste the citation)? WHERE/in what battle/region/front did this happen (find a map!)? Other info to help your classmates understand why this man and his actions were remarkable enough to earned a CMH.
We will present to class on Friday. Two-three minutes each.
13.2 # 3-9 OR alternative: Social Media version as stated in class
Trench foot, gangrene, lice, mites, scabies, Wiel's Disease, & Shell Shock. Read the article attached (see button below). Then, for each disease, state: a) What caused it, b) symptoms c) cure/prognosis/or rate of death
Study Guide for Friday's Final Exam at right. You may have one 3x5 note card, hand done.