Quantitative Parts of Ancient Greek Tragedy
Aristotle identified six basic elements:
1) plot (parts of, in order. Define and state the function) ALL, including (but not limited to....
Prologue, Episode, Exode, Choric song; this last being divided into Parode and Stasimon. Peculiar to some are the songs of actors from the stage and the Commos.
(2) character (tragic hero vs comic hero or epic hero)
(3) diction (the choice of style, imagery, etc.);
(4) thought (the character's thoughts and the author's meaning);
(5) spectacle (all the visual effects; Aristotle considered this to be the least important element);
The Prologue is that entire part of a tragedy which precedes the Parode of the Chorus. The Episode is that entire part of a tragedy which is between complete choric songs. The Exode is that entire part of a tragedy which has no choric song after it. Of the Choric part the Parode is the first undivided utterance of the Chorus: the Stasimon is a Choric ode without anapaests or trochaic tetrameters: the Commos is a joint lamentation of Chorus and actors.
The Tragic Hero
1) must be of divine, or of noble birth
2) He is better than the average guy, but not perfect (so we can relate to him, but still be impressed)
3) he must start off good and become worse through CHOICE (self will is the biggie here)
4) he must possess a character flaw (hamartia is the term) which causes him to make bad choices and brings about his downfall
5)at some point he must recognize his error and revert to his innate state of good
6)there must be a catharsis and return to "normalcy"
7)the punishment must exceed the crime ( need not die, but death certainly meets this requirement)
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